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Fiordland Penguin

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Fiordland Penguin
Fiordlandpenguin2s
Species
Scientific Name: Eudyptes pachyrhynchus
World Conservation Union
Status: Vulnerable
Size
Height: 24 in (60 cm)
Weight: 8.2 lbs (3.7 kg)
Habitat
Location: Stewart Island/Rakiura
Coloring
Feathers: Black and white with yellow streaks near the top of their eyes
Beak: orange


The Fiordland Crested Penguin (Eudyptes pachyrhynchus) is a penguin from New Zealand. It breeds along the Fiordland coast and its outlying islands as well as on Stewart Island/Rakiura.

TaxonomyEdit

Also known as the Fiordland Crested Penguin, the Fiordland Penguin was described in 1845 by English zoologist George Robert Gray, its specific epithet derived from the Ancient Greek pachy-/παχυ- 'thick' and rhynchos/ρυνχος 'beak'.[1] It is one of six species in the genus Eudyptes, the generic name derived from the Ancient Greek eu/ευ 'good' and dyptes/δυπτης 'diver'.[1]

DescriptionEdit

They are medium-sized, yellow-crested, black-and-white penguins, growing to approximately 60 cm (24 in) long and weighing about 3.7 kg (8.2 lbs). It has dark, bluish-grey upperparts with a darker head, and white underparts. It has a broad, yellow eyebrow-stripe which extends over the eye and drops down the neck. Most birds have 3-6 whitish stripes on the face.

Distribution and habitatEdit

This penguin nests in colonies in dense temperate forest. It breeds along the Fiordland coast and its outlying islands as well as on Stewart Island/Rakiura.

DietEdit

It feeds on krill, fish, octopus and squid.

ConservationEdit

The current status of this penguin is vulnerable due to its small population. Current population estimates range between 2,500-3,000 pairs and is thought to have declined since the late 1980s by around 33%. It is under threat from introduced predators including dogs, cats, stoats and rats. The endemic Weka (Gallirallus australis) has been introduced to several islands where it preys on eggs and chicks.

External linksEdit


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